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​Anxiety

Evidence-based Overviews    |    Prevention or Disease Remissio​n    |    Treatment and Self-Management

Associated Conditions    |    Webinars    |    Videos and Podcasts    |    Decision Aids and Toolkits 

Work Accommodation    |    Anxiety Organizations    |   Recommended Books    |    British Columbia Resources    

We all experience some degree of anxiety in our lives from time to time. In fact, anxiety can be useful, for example in alerting your mind to real risks. For someone with an anxiety disorder, however, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time. Anxiety disorders interfere with normal living, and they tend not to go away without treatment. These feelings can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships. Whereas depression is characterized by predominant feelings of hopelessness, anxiety is characterized by predominant feelings of helplessness.

Anxiety disorders are estimated to affect 7% of the global population. In Canada estimates are between 10.5% - 12%.  However, people living with chronic physical health conditions experience depression and anxiety at twice the rate of the general population. Women with anxiety tend to be affected – or to seek treatment - more than twice as much as men. Older adults (55 years plus) are 20% less likely to have anxiety compared with younger adults (35–54 years)

There are six main Anxiety Disorders. These include: Social Anxiety Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Specific Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Children and youth may also experience Separation Anxiety.

Treatment can involve medicines, therapy or both.

There are resources and tools that can help you to keep anxiety at bay in spite of your chronic pain.

Evidence-based Overviews 

  
  
Modifiable worker risk factors contributing to workplace absence: a stakeholder-centred best-evidence synthesis of systematic reviews Work Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Modifiable workplace risk factors contributing to workplace absence across health conditions: A stakeholder-centered best-evidence synthesis of systematic reviewsWork Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Neuralgia MedLinePlus, National Institutes of Health (US)
Mental Health and Chronic Physical Conditions from CMHACanadian Mental Health Association
What Are Anxiety Disorders?National Institute of Mental Health - National Institutes of Health (US)

Prevention or Disease Remission   

Stress reduction

Some activities that can help to lower stress levels include:

  • Exercise
  • Breathing techniques
  • Progressive muscle relaxation
  • Guided imagery
  • Mindfulness
  • Journaling
  • Social activities with family and friends

Learn more about stress reduction, and access helpful stress reduction tools and resources

See more tips on Anxiety Treatment Options:  Self-Manageme​nt.

Associated Conditions   

Depression - People living with chronic physical health conditions experience depression and anxiety at twice the rate of the general population.  View our depression page for more information, and for resources and tools that can help you to manage depression symptoms.

 ​Related WWDPI Webinars   ​ ​​​

Videos and Podcasts   

  
  
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy – Real StoriesAnxiety BC
Mindfulness WebinarsWork Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Webinar videos on anxiety and depression from the Anxiety and Depression Association of AmericaAnxiety and Depression Association of America
WWDPI webinars – Chronic Pain and Mental HealthWork Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
WWDPI Webinars - Self-ManagementWork Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute

​Decision Aids and Toolkits  

  
  
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Generalized Anxiety DisorderCanadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Health AnxietyCanadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Obsessive Compulsive DisorderCanadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Panic DisorderCanadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: PhobiasCanadian Psychological Association
Mindshift AppAnxiety BC
Mood GYMCentre for Mental Health Research - Australian National University
Self-Help – Managing Anxiety [adults]Anxiety BC
Stress Tips Smartphone AppAnxiety UK

​Workplace Accommodation

  
  
Accommodation Ideas for Mental Health Disorders / Job Accommodation NetworkU.S. Department of Labor
Anxiety Disorders and the Workplace American Psychiatric Association - Center for Workplace Mental Health
Guarding Minds at WorkCentre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction (CARMHA), Simon Fraser University
If you are an employer, learn about creating an environment for workplace mental health by reading more about disability prevention at your workplace.Work Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Job Accommodation for Anxiety DisordersU.S. Department of Labor
Job demand and control interventions: a stakeholder-centered best-evidence synthesis of systematic reviews on workplace disability. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. April, 2015Work Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Mental Health Interventions in the Workplace and Work Outcomes: A Best-Evidence Synthesis of Systematic Reviews. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. January, 2016.Work Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Mental Illness and Substance Use in the WorkplaceBC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions
Modifiable worker risk factors contributing to workplace absence: a stakeholder-centred best-evidence synthesis of systematic reviews Work Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Modifiable workplace risk factors contributing to workplace absence across health conditions: A stakeholder-centered best-evidence synthesis of systematic reviewsWork Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Non-modifiable worker and workplace risk factors contributing to workplace absence: A stakeholder-centred synthesis of systematic reviews. Work Journal. August, 2015Work Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
Social Support and Supervisory Quality Interventions in the Workplace: A Stakeholder-Centered Best-Evidence Synthesis of Systematic Reviews on Work Outcomes. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. October, 2015.Work Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute
What Makes a Workplace Stressful?Be Well Stanford
WWDPI Webinars - Workplace Mental HealthWork Wellness and Disability Prevention Institute

​Anxiety and Mental Health Organizations 

  
Anxiety and Depression Association of America
Anxiety BC
Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada
Anxiety Disorders Association of Manitoba
Anxiety Disorders Association of Ontario
British Columbia Psychological Association
Canadian Mental Health Association
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada – Getting Healthy, Reduce Stress
Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction - BC Chapter (MBSRBC)
Mood Disorders Association of BC
Mood Disorders Association of Manitoba
Mood Disorders Association of Ontario
Richmond Mental Health Consumer and Friends Society (RCFC)

Recommended Books 

  • Don't let your Emotions Run Your Life - By Scott Spradlin
  • A Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Workbook - By Bob Stahl and Elisha Goldstein
  • The Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Workbook - By Matthew McKay, Jeffrey Wood, and Jeffrey Brantley
  • The Mindfulness and Acceptance Workbook for Anxiety - By John Forsyth and Georg Eifert
  • Calming the Rush of Panic - By Bob Stahl and Wendy Millstine
  • The Worry Trap - By Chad Lejeune
  • ACT on Life not on Anger - By Georg Eifert, Matthew McKay and John Forsyth

Further recommended readings (including for specific anxiety disorders) – MacAnxiety Research Centre, McMaster University

British Columbia Resources 

  • Mental Health Information Line - provides taped information on provincial mental health programs as well as symptoms, causes, treatment, support groups and publications relating to a number of mental illnesses. This is a 24 hour line.  1-800-661-2121   Vancouver: (604) 669-7600
  • Helping a Loved One Access Help – video provides tips for accessing BC resources to help a loved one – Mood Disorders Association of BC

References

Anxiety Overview

Anxiety Statistics

Reviewed by: Marc White PhD​, Scientific & Executive Director, WWDPI​

Last Modified: 6/15/2018 4:16 PM

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